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2017年5月全国大联考英语试卷及答案

      编辑者:wk       添加时间:2017-5-8
Father Comes Home from the Wars (Parts 1, 2 & 3)
These three short plays by Suzan Lori-Parks are the start of an ambitious attempt to retell the story of the American civil war. The focus is on a slave promised his freedom by his master if he joins in the fight against the Union. Steve Toussaint and Jimmy Akingbola head the cast, and Jo Bonney is in charge.
• 15 September to 4 October, Royal Court, London. Box office: 020-7565 5000.
A Pacifist’s Guide to the War on Cancer
Bryony Kimmings and Brian Lobel consider our attitudes to cancer and the language we employ to deal with it through the stories of five people. This is an all-singing, all-dancing affair with music by Tom Parkinson, wiping off the pink charity ribbons to look at the realities of diagnosis(诊断)and what it means for the wider family.
• 20-24 September, Home, Manchester. Box office: 0161-200 1500.
The Nest
Every parent wants the best for their baby. Kurt and Martha are prepared to work hard to ensure theirs has everything he needs, even if that means Kurt taking on extra work. Franz Xaver Kroetz’s extraordinary play about the damage that profit causes to individuals and the environment gets a new translation from Conor McPherson.
• 15-22 October, Lyric, Belfast. Box office: 028-9038 1081.
The Red Barn
David Hare’s new play is based on La Main, a psychological thriller by the great Georges Simenon. The story concerns two couples who, on their way back from a party, struggle through the snow. The play is directed by Robert Icke, and the cast is headed by Mark Strong and Hope Davis.
• 6-20 October ,  Lyttelton, London. Box office: 020-7452 3000.
21. What do we know about Father Comes Home from the Wars?
A. It is set in the USA.
B. It is put on throughout September.
C. It tells of the hardship slaves suffered .
D. It is the first play to describe the cruelty of war.
22.When can you see the play directed by Robert Icke?
A. 19 September.                B. 3 October.      C. 10 October.      D. 21October.
23. In which play can we feel parents’ love for children?
A. The Nest  
B. The Red Barn
C. Father Comes Home from the Wars
D. A Pacifist’s Guide to the War on Cancer
24. What do the plays mentioned in the text have in common?
A. They are all comedies. 
B. They are put on in autumn.
C. They are highly thought of.
D. They are works of the same writer.

【时间:2017-5-8 15:56:46】
Ask any American what he/she is doing on Sunday, February 7 and the answer is likely to be either hosting or attending a Super Bowl Party. Played for the title of the National Football League Champion, Super Bowl is the most watched annual television program in the United States.
That's because Super Bowl which is celebrating its Golden Anniversary this year, is more than just a 60-minute football game—it is a well-designed production that features half-time performances, fireworks shows and television ads that people discuss for days.
But most important of all, it is the day to set aside all diets and enjoy foods one would normally avoid or at least not consume at the same time. It should, therefore, come as no surprise that Super Bowl Sunday is one of the biggest food consumption days in the U.S. — Second only to Thanksgiving.
The noshing will start early in the day, long before matches begin and continue long after the 2016 NFL Champions have retired to celebrate.
As a result, it is estimated that on Sunday, the nation will consume 1.2 million pounds of potato chips, 8.2 million pounds of tortilla chips, 3.8 million pounds of popcorn and 3 million pounds of nuts.
When the real hunger pains start to hit, they will seek out comfort foods. Not surprisingly, pizza tops the list. Chicken wings are also very popular. It is estimated that almost 1.3 billion wings will be consumed on Super Bowl Sunday. Other favorites include bacon, hot dogs and burgers.
But the food consumption is not without consequences. Data released indicates that antacid (解酸药)sales increase by 20% on the Monday following the big game. Additionally, over seven million Americans call in sick. It is no wonder that fans have been urging the government to declare Super Bowl Monday a holiday.
25.Why does Super Bowl become the most popular television program?
A. It is the longest football game. 
B. It is hosted by famous film stars.
C. It contains the most wonderful ads.  
D. It involves in various performances.
26. Which can replace the underlined word “noshing” in Paragraph 4?
A. playing            B. eating              C. competing               D. resting
27.Which comfort food is consumed the most?
A. Hot dogs.        B. Pizza.             C. Nuts.                     D. Chicken wings.
28. What bad result might Super Bowl Sunday lead to?
A. Lots of food is wasted.                  B. Public disorder is caused.
C. Some people have an upset stomach.       D. Many people lose their work.

【时间:2017-5-8 15:56:47】
In December, after her third fall in a few months, Doris Carpenter was admitted to Rochdale infirmary(养老院). Carpenter, 84, lives alone, but she is increasingly unsteady on her feet, and if she falls, she hasn’t the strength to get up again. Previously, a call to 111 would call nursing staff who could put her back into a chair, but it was increasingly clear she wasn’t coping, and needed more support. 学@科网
This isn’t like any old hospital, however. Today Carpenter isn’t in bed but sitting in a chair, dressed in her own clothes, a fat Dan Brown book in front of her. “You don’t feel like you’re in hospital,” she says.
Two side rooms have been furnished with small groups of tables and chairs, with bright tablecloths. Those patients who are able can help themselves to food at mealtimes and sit with others to eat, or go to the library to select another page-turner. A physiotherapist helps Carpenter with her painful back, and is working to help improve her confidence on stairs.
Previously, an elderly person in Carpenter’s condition would most likely have ended up in an acute hospital ward(病房).
There, very frequently, people of her age would get stuck, and many would go downhill fast.
“They come into hospital, and our model in the NHS is to put them to bed,” says Steve Taylor, the divisional director for community services. “Put your pyjamas on, you stay in that bed, we will feed you and toilet you.”
Shockingly quickly, he says, patients can lose what abilities they previously had. “And then, when it comes time to discharge you, you can no longer walk.”
This is probably the biggest challenge facing the NHS – the problem of an older population, the long years of illness that many of us will face and a fragile social care system underpinning it all.
29.What’s the main idea of the first paragraph?
A. Carpenter often falls at home.  
B. No one looks after Carpenter.
C. There is something wrong with Carpenter’ legs.
D. Carpenter is in such poor condition that she had to go to hospital.
30.How might Carpenters feel living in the new hospital?
A. Lonely.            B. Desperate.              C. Relaxed.                D. Curious.
31.In which section of a newspaper can you find this text?
A. Society.         B. Technology.            C. Family.                   D. Medicine.

【时间:2017-5-8 15:56:47】
A “smart drug” taken by students to improve their performance really does work, scientists have found.
The drug modafinil(莫达非尼) is currently used to treat sleep disorder, but it is widely used off-label by students to help them revise for exams or focus on long essays.
Until now, there has been a lack of clear evidence over whether it can actually boost concentration and alertness. But a new analysis of the research revealed it does improve planning and decision making, flexibility, learning and memory, and even creativity.
The findings raise serious ethical(处方的,道德的) questions about whether modafinil should be “classified,tolerated or condemned”, scientists said.
Professor Guy Goodwin, President of the European College said: “It’s the first real example of a ‘smart drug’, which can genuinely help, for example, with exam preparation.”
Previous ethical discussions around smart drugs assumed major effects of the drugs before it was clear that there were any, he added.
He continued “If correct, the present update means the ethical debate is real: how should we classify, tolerate or condemn a drug that improves human performance?”
A fifth of university students across the country claim to have taken smart drugs, according to surveys by student newspaper The Tab.
And the use of modafinil is most widespread at Oxford University, where a quarter of students have reported to have used it.
Over the years, universities have discussed how best to respond to the use of smart drugs, and some have suggested Olympic-style doping tests for students sitting exams.
Professor Goodwin said there should be a society-wide debate on how modafinil should be licenced and regulated, as well as what universities should do about its use.
He said: “Regulation has been and remains uncertain. We cannot know either if demand for modafinil in the same societies will actually be significant, whether society will be more accepting and how regulation will then be framed.”
32.Who are likely to turn to the “smart drug” modafinil ?
A. Children who lack strength.                         B. Students who have poor memory.
C. Old people who have poor sight.                   D. Patients who have a heart disease.
33.Why does the writer refer to the students of Oxford University?
A. To show smart drugs enjoy popularity among college students.
B. To prove Oxford University students suffer from a heavy load.
C. To tell us smarts drugs use have spread to England.  
D. To explain why Oxford University students are clever.
34. What is the topic of passage?
A. “Smart drugs” also have side effects.
B. Students are addicted to “smart drugs”.
C. A “Smart drug” raises ethical questions.
D. A more effective “smart drags” should be developed.
35. What does Professor Goodwin think of ‘smart drug’ modafinil?
A. Modafinil used as a ‘smart drug’ should be forbidden.
B. Regulation on modafinil remains to be discussed.
C. Our society should accept the use of modafinil.
D. Regulation on modafinil being used as a “smart drug” is necessary.
【时间:2017-5-8 15:56:47】
Thank You Notes: The Essential Life Lessons
There is no greater gift for any of us to give our friends and family than the gift of gratitude.    36   Take a quiet moment to think about the blessings of the season and write a thank you note to everyone who made it special for you.There are some life lessons from thank you notes.
   37   Even a child can make some lines on paper, help pick out a pretty stamp, and lick the envelope. This helps create a sense of ownership, confidence, and contribution.
Thank you notes strengthen communication skills. Wherever you are, no skill matters more than the ability to communicate clearly and sincerely. It conveys reliability ,confidence and thoughtfulness.   38    
Thank you notes remind you about what matters.   39    But when we write a thank you note we have to locate within ourselves some way to be grateful and find some way to express it. We do not find happiness in what we get. We find happiness in being grateful for what we have.
   40    Not, 'Thank you for the sweater. It is cool,' but 'Thanks for the sweater! Not, 'Thanks for the game,' but 'We had a blast playing that game.
I think you will soon discover that the more thank you notes you send, the more you become aware of how much there is to be grateful for, and how good it feels to let people know you appreciate them.
A. Everyone can write a thank you note.
B. Maybe the gift was thoughtless.
C. And that can begin with thank you notes.
D. Thank you notes must have specific details.
E. There is no other way to convey this message.
F. You can even write to people you do not know.
G. Those are the qualities that inspire people to trust and respect you.

  
【时间:2017-5-8 15:56:47】
My dad always collected coins. He would walk to his long-time bankers and  41  they put at least some new coins aside for him  42  coins were issued. He gave them to every  43  member. It gradually became a special family  44  to get coins from Dad.
When my dad died, I felt a sense of  45  . My father and I had been so close. I was lost without his  46   and support. I wondered if I would   47  feel my dad around me again, watching over me. It was right after Hurricane Katrina. At the end of a motivational meeting, I felt so   48  as I looked at these devoted volunteers. To my surprise, when I glanced at the   49  , I saw a coin from the state where my dad was  50  and raised.
Later, I went to the bank to   51   a check. The bank manager, who had known me, called me into her office, showing me the coins for all the states my dad had   52  .
Ever since that time, I have always  53  coins at the most extraordinary times, when I needed support the most.  54  , nowadays when I need emotional support during a tough time, a coin will always   55  in a strange place.
Now every time a coin appears in our house, one of my  56   says, “Oh, it’s Grandpa! ”We all feel a sense of   57   every time a single coin turns up in a (n)   58   place. We have all accepted it as a   59   of love, guidance and support from Dad — and   60   coin makes us smile.
41. A. point out          B. talk about        C. look at             D. make sure
42. A. because      B. when                C. since               D. until
43. A. club                 B. bank                C. family              D. team
44. A. principle    B. tradition          C. discovery         D. memory
45. A. relief                B. duty               C. guilt                 D. emptiness
46. A. promise      B. belief              C. guidance          D. expectation
47. A. ever            B. just                 C. already           D. even
48. A. nervous     B. anxious           C. disappointed     D. grateful
49. A. ceiling       B. floor                C. playground      D. wall
50. A. played        B. saved               C. born                 D. chosen
51. A. write          B. post                C. cash                 D. print
52. A. shared        B. ordered            C. received           D. collected
53. A. found         B. counted           C. dropped                 D. collected
54. A. Unluckily   B. Gradually        C.  Amazingly    D. Obviously
55. A. break out    B. end up            C. fade away        D. show up
56. A. students      B. colleagues        C. kids                 D. friends
57. A. comfort     B. achievement     C. pride              D. loss
58. A. unexpected B. fixed               C. similar             D. distant
59. A. support      B. message            C. result             D. record
60. A. another      B. every                      C. either                   D. other

【时间:2017-5-8 15:56:47】
Kiyoto Saito is trying to change people’s opinion of agricultural work through his unusual attire(打扮). Whether he’s driving a tractor   61   is standing in the fields, Kiyoto is always wearing an elegant suit.
Kiyoto’s family has been planting rice for around 400 years, but as a teenager he    62   (find) the tradition boring and moved to the city. He returned to his native town two years ago,   63   (determine) to get involved in the family business.
  64    idea of wearing a suit in the fields started as a joke. One day, his brother joked about farming in an elegant suit, but Kyioto took it   65   (serious). He viewed the idea as the perfect way to change public opinion of agricultural work. “Most people think of farmers   66   ‘dirty all day’. I want youngsters to think ‘ farming looks fun’” he said.
At first no one seemed   67   (understand) him. Even his family was surprised by his   68   (choose) of farming attire. His grandfather worried 69   (do) farm work in a suit would be dangerous.
Now Kiyoto is famous and has been invited on various television shows. He also has a blog where he regularly   70   (post) his farming experiences and photos of himself all dressed up.

【时间:2017-5-8 15:56:47】
假定英语课上老师要求同桌之间交换修改作文,请你修改你同桌写的以下作文。文中共有10处语言错误,每句中最多有两处。每处错误仅涉及一个单词的增加、删除或修改。
增加:在缺词处加一个漏字符号(∧),并在其下面写出该加的词。
删除:把多余的词用斜线(\)划掉。学科网
修改:在错的词下画一横线,并在该词下面写出修改后的词。
注意:1. 每处错误及其修改均仅限一词;
2. 只允许修改10处,多者(从第11处起)不计分。
I’d like to share an unforgettable experience to you. With the College Entrance Examination drawing near, I felt increasing anxious. As a result, I couldn’t absorbed in study. Felt discouraged, I nearly lost heart. Then Miss Zhang had the face-to-face talk with me. She said, “In our life we all have some moment when we can’t achieve what we want. It was natural. You should turn them into motivation to inspire you.” Her words were a great encouragement  to me. After that, I worked even harder and was admitted to my most favorite university at last.
Optimistic attitude is that really matters. It can make us bravely enough to face challenges.

【时间:2017-5-8 15:56:47】
假设你是李华,你和你班的交流生Tom约好晚上一起去看电影。但你的叔叔突然打电话说他出差路过你们城市,让你去车站接他。请你给Tom发一封电子邮件,要点如下:
1. 表示歉意;
2. 重新约定。
注意:
1. 词数100左右。
2. 可以适当增加细节,以使行文连贯。
【时间:2017-5-8 15:56:47】
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